iRules commands that are specifically designed to query for or manipulate GTP (GPRS Tunneling Protocol) information, including commands to access the parsed fields such as TunnelID, GGSN address (APN), MSISDN, and IMSI.
A few use cases for such information:
- Information from the parsed fields may be used to LB GTP traffic to pool members
- Persistence can be enabled via iRules using specific GTP info
- iRules to allow more control over GTP specific traffic
Parsing - Within this command namespace APIs are provided to:¶
- Parse the message from given blob.
- Access GTP header fields.
- Access Payload in case of G-PDU.
- Access extension headers.
- Walk the list of extension headers.
- Access an extension header of a given type.
- Access Information Elements (IEs)
- And much more…
Creating - APIs are provided to help create a message.¶
- A create message is called with “version” & “type”.
- Header fields other than “version”, “type” & “length” can be
- The header fields that are mandatory per specifications can’t be removed, but could be zeroed.
- Header fields other than “version”, “type” & “length” can be added/updated/removed.
- The length of the message is computed dynamically as updates happen to the message.
- For Version 1, the extension headers can be added/updated/removed.
- IEs can be added/updated/removed to message or another IE (grouped IE only).
- GTP::discard - Discards the current message
- GTP::header - Allows for the parsing of GTP header information.
- GTP::header extension - The extension headers are identified by unique type values. The type can be appended with index, if multiple headers of same type are expected.
- GTP::ie - This set of commands allows for the parsing and interpretation of GTP IE elements.
- GTP::length - This value is returned as read from the message header.
- GTP::message - Returns the entire GTP message.
- GTP::payload - Returns the entire payload for G-PDU message. This command returns an empty value, in case of non-G-PDU messages.
- GTP::tunnel - These commands parse the payload of G-PDU as IP datagram and return the values from IP header and TCP/UDP header.
- GTP_GPDU_EGRESS - Triggered for a message that has GTP message-type = 255 on the connection that forwards/egresses the message.
- GTP_GPDU_INGRESS - Triggered for a message that has GTP message-type = 255 on the connection that accepted the message.
- GTP_PRIME_EGRESS - Triggered only for GTP prime messages for revision 1 on the connection that forwards/egresses the message.
- GTP_PRIME_INGRESS - Triggered only for GTP prime messages for revision 1 on the connection that accepted the message.
- GTP_SIGNALLING_EGRESS - Triggered for any GTP-message except G-PDU on the connection that forwards/egresses the message.
- GTP_SIGNALLING_INGRESS - Triggered for any GTP-message except G-PDU on the connection that accepted the message